. Moon News .

Lunar Probe to search for water on Moon
by Staff Writers
Moscow (VOR) Oct 20, 2011

Luna-Glob will be the first sign of Russia's return to a comprehensive programme to study the Moon. The probe will be equipped with a radio beacon, which will help other probes to land on planned areas with great accuracy.

Russian scientists at the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences have chosen six venues for landing the Luna-Glob probe. With the launch of the probe in 2014, Russia will resume its Moon-exploration programme using automatic stations, which was started by Lunakhods several decades ago.

The Luna-Glob probe is designed for studying the Moon's Polar Regions where the environment differs from that in the territories which were studied by the Russian and American "Luna" and "Apollo" programmes.

During distance probing in the past years, signs of the presence of water on the Moon's surface have been discovered. Water in the form of ice exists in carters in the Polar Regions that are constantly in the sun's shadow. The pores of the moon's soil called lunar regolith are filled with water.

This is similar to the earth's permafrost and can be described as "lunar permafrost". The probe will study its properties using special equipment, which will assess the content of water in the soil. It has a mechanical hand to collect the samples of soil at depths up to two meters.

These samples will be analyzed in detail by equipment onboard the probe. The results will help to reveal from where water appeared on the Moon and also on the Earth because our planet was originally dry and hot, says a fellow at the institute Igor Mitrofanov.

"Possibly, comets brought water onto the Moon and also the Earth. There are two significant differences between the Earth and Moon. The Earth has a stronger gravitational field and a thick atmosphere. Owing to this the Earth could hold out, water and rivers, lakes and oceans appeared, and later, all this led to the origin of life.

"The Moon has no atmosphere and has a weak gravitational field. Water on its surface can be only under the conditions of extreme cold," says Igor Mitrofanov.

Water is necessary not only for research purposes. It is an important resource for the exploration of the Moon, which will be most likely started from the poles, says Igor Mitrofanov.

"When question arises about manned expeditions and setting up of lunar stations, water resources should guarantee the station with oxygen and water for day to day use and can be used to produce hydrogen, an excellent fuel for rockets. At present, we are engaged in hydrology surveillance for the exploration of the Moon in the future," Igor Mitrofanov said.

Luna-Glob will be the first sign of Russia's return to a comprehensive programme to study the Moon. The probe will be equipped with a radio beacon, which will help other probes to land on planned areas with great accuracy.

Several other missions, including the Luna-Resurs will start creating a robotized base on the Moon. This, on its part, will prepare everything necessary for landing a manned mission.

The Russian space exploration programme returns not only to the Moon but also to outer space. The "Phobos-Soil" mission will be launched shortly to study a moon of the planet Mars.

Source: RIA Novosti

Related Links
Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Mars News and Information at MarsDaily.com
Lunar Dreams and more

Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email
Buy Advertising Editorial Enquiries


. Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

Subtly Shaded Map of Moon Reveals Titanium Treasure Troves
Tucson AZ (SPX) Oct 10, 2011
A map of the Moon combining observations in visible and ultraviolet wavelengths shows a treasure trove of areas rich in Titanium ores. Not only is Titanium a valuable mineral, it is key to helping scientists unravel the mysteries of the Moon's interior. Mark Robinson and Brett Denevi presented the results from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission at last week's joint meeting of the Eur ... read more

Opportunity Past 21 Miles of Driving! Will Spend Winter at Cape York

Scientists develope new way to determine when water was present on Mars and Earth

Mars Rover Carries Device for Underground Scouting

Mars Landing-Site Specialist

Latest Cassini Images of Enceladus on View

Orion's Belt Lights Up Cassini's View of Enceladus

The Hazy History of Titan's Air

Enceladus weather: Snow flurries and perfect powder for skiing

Dwarf planet may not be bigger than Pluto

Series of bumps sent Uranus into its sideways spin

Mission to Mysterious Uranus

Spinning hourglass object may be the first of many to be discovered in the Kuiper belt

ESA finds that Venus has an ozone layer too

Tenuous ozone layer discovered in Venus' atmosphere

Venus Weather Not Boring After All

Japan test fires Venus probe engine

Better use of Global Geospatial Information for Solving Development Challenges

NASA postpones climate satellite launch to Oct 28

NASA Readies New Type of Earth-Observing Satellite for Launch

NASA, Japan Release Improved Topographic Map of Earth

The Spark Of A New Era Was A Blast For Rocket Science

Caltech Event Marks 75th Anniversary of JPL Rocket Tests

Russia puts new Rus-M carrier rocket project on hold

Russia to abandon rocket booster work

Boosters Gave Fiery Muscle to Shuttle Launches

NASA Uses MicroStrain Sensors to Monitor Vibroacoustic Shock During Shuttle Launches

Tracking infinity and beyond

Teams Practice Lifting Shuttles at Airports

ISS orbit readjusted by 3 km

Expedition 30 to ISS could be launched on Dec 21

ISS could be used for satellite assembly until 2028

Ultrasound 2: Taking Space Imaging to the Next Level


The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2011 - Space Media Network. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement