Moon News  





. SMART-1 Moving At Full Speed Through The Van Allen Radiation Belts

zap

Paris - Nov 12, 2003
The spacecraft is now in its 90th orbit and has been behaving really well during the last five days. The last anomaly, an Electric Propulsion flame out, occurred on November 5. From then, SMART-1 has operated flawlessly. In this same period the solar activity has dropped considerably.

This has been mainly due to the rotation of the solar disk, which has moved the active sunspot regions away from the Earth direction. This is an indirect confirmation of the suspicions that many of the problems the spacecraft was experiencing last week were caused by the intense radiation environment.

The spacecraft was operated in electric propulsion mode almost continuously, only interrupting it during the eclipses where the power available from the batteries cannot sustain the high demand of the engine.

The total cumulated thrust time is now more than 520 hours and we have consumed about 8.2 kg of Xenon fuel. Moreover, the electric propulsion engine performance, periodically monitored by means of the telemetry data transmitted by the spacecraft and by radio-tracking by the ground stations, has shown a further increase in performance.

We have now a thrust from 1.5% to 1.8% higher than expected. These are very encouraging results - let us hope that we can even recover the time lost during last week's solar storms.

The electric power produced by the solar arrays continues to be affected, as expected, by the radiation environment. We register on average a loss of less than 2 W per day. This degradation should last until the trajectory crosses the radiation belts - roughly a month away.

At this rate the solar arrays will have lost about 130 W at the exit of the radiation belts. Due to the built in power margins, this will allow the spacecraft to continue thrusting at full power, hence shortening the time envisaged to reach the Moon. Of course, this is provided that we encounter another exceptional solar storm in the near future.

The communication, data handling and on-board software subsystems have been performing very well in this period.

The thermal subsystem also continues to perform well and all the temperatures are as expected. The only item of concern is the temperature of one of the star tracker optical heads which is slightly too high (>10 C) during part of the orbit. The star trackers have become more sensitive to temperature, due to the aging produced on the CCD by the massive radiation dose received in the last weeks.

This causes momentary loss of attitude determination by that star tracker. This is without consequence, as there is another star tracker, which provides good attitude determination and the system is capable of coping for periods without both star trackers. Nevertheless, thermal engineers are still looking into the possibility of reducing the temperature of the star tracker optical heads.

Apart from the above problem of the star trackers, the attitude control subsystem continues to work very well in general.

Presently only the two diagnostic plasma instruments (EPDP and SPEDE) are being regularly operated. We are, however, planning to make some test observations with the AMIE camera as soon as possible. The main objective at the moment is still to completely exit the radiation belts as quickly as possible.

We are, therefore, first investigating if any interesting target, like the Moon or the Earth, enters AMIE field of view, without requiring a slew manoeuvre. These potential targets are currently being analysed. As soon as a target is identified we shall make test observations with AMIE. Before operating SIR and D-CIXS, we shall wait until the spacecraft is completely outside the potentially dangerous radiation belts.


Email This Article

Related Links
Smart1 at ESA
SpaceDaily
Search SpaceDaily
Subscribe To SpaceDaily Express
Mars News and Information at MarsDaily.com
Lunar Dreams and more

Russia To Render Aid To India In Implementing Lunar Programme
Moscow - Nov 12, 2003
Russia will render aid to India in implementing its national lunar programme. "Details of cooperation in the lunar project will be discussed at working expert meetings of the space industries of the two countries," Tass reported Wednesday.

.
Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email
  



  • Skylab 30 Years Later
  • Voyager 1 Offers First Direct Look At Heliosheath Before Interstellar Space
  • National 'SPACE' Exhibit Tour to Blast Off in Seattle
  • Voyager at 90 AU Out

  • Mars Rocks With Marsapalooza!
  • Go To Mars Says Planetary Society
  • Mars-Like Atacama Desert Could Explain Viking No Life Results
  • Mars Rover Spirit Mission Status

  • Boeing Selects Leader for Nuclear Space Systems Program
  • Boeing-Led Team to Study Nuclear-Powered Space Systems
  • Boeing To Build Space-borne Power Generator
  • New High-Purity Plutonium Sources Produced At Los Alamos

  • Missing Link Sought In Planetary Evolution
  • First Extrasolar Planets, Then Extrasolar Moonss
  • Study: Search For Life Could Include Planets, Stars Unlike Ours
  • Heavy Metals Rich Stars Tend To Harbor Planets

  • Nanowire Film Brings Cheaper, Faster Electronics A Step Closer
  • Molecular Structure Offers Insight Into Nanoscale Self-Assembly, Solution Chemistry
  • Researchers Build Microfluidic Devices Using Principles Of Electronic Integration
  • Doped Buckyballs Allows Real Time Liquid Crystal Holography

  • Colorado Team Developing Flu Chip For Fast, Accurate Diagnosis
  • Brain Signals From The Paralyzed Or Injured Captured By Computer
  • Diet May Improve Cognition, Slow Aging, And Protect Against Cosmic Rays
  • Secrets Behind Ageing Provide Clues For Controlling Cancer

  • LaBarge Awarded Atlas 5 Wire Harness Contract
  • Preparations For Proton-K Launch Begin At Baikonur
  • Japanese SERVIS-1 Satellite Launched by Eurockot
  • ESA And Rosaviakosmos Sign Up For Two Foton Flights

  • XCOR Submits First "Sufficiently Complete" RLV Launch License Application
  • Crew Pad Abort Program Demonstrates Stability in Wind Tunnel Testing
  • Boeing Establishes Orbital Space Program Office
  • The Von Braun Master Plan: National Dream or National Nightmare?

  • The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2006 - SpaceDaily.AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA PortalReports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additionalcopyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement